Tokyo University of Science, Japan
Precise Synthesis and Application of Small Gold and Bi metal Clusters
Yuichi Negishi was born in Saitama, Japan, in 1972. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry in 2001 from Keio University. Before joining the Tokyo University of Science in 2008, he was employed at Keio University and at the Institute for Molecular Science (IMS). Since 2013, he has been an Associate Professor at the Tokyo University of Science. He is now the professor of Tokyo University of Science, Japan. He has over 150 publications that have been cited over 8,000 times. In his publications, 10 papers are/were categorized to Top 1% Cited Papers and 18 papers were selected as Cover Picture of the Journal. His publication H-index is 47. He has been awarded several prizes, including the PCCP Prize (2007), CSJ Award for Young Chemists (2008), Japan Society of Molecular Science Award for Young Chemists (2012), Yagami Prize (2017), and IUPAC Distinguish Award 2018 for Novel Materials and Their Synthesis (2018).
Thiolate (SR)-protected gold clusters (Aun(SR)m) show size-specific physical and chemical properties, such as photoluminescence, catalytic activity, and redox behavior, that are not observed in the case of bulk gold. Furthermore, it is possible to determine the geometrical structures of these clusters and therefore to elucidate correlations between their structures and physical properties. In addition, these clusters have been found to be highly stable both in solution and in the solid state. Owing to these numerous factors, Aun(SR)m clusters are considered to have significant potential as constituent units of functional nanomaterials. To date, our research group has studied the following three aspects of Aun(SR)m and related clusters: (1) the development of new methods allowing precise synthesis; (2) the establishment of new methods to impart high functionality; and (3) the utilization of these clusters as active sites in photocatalytic materials. This presentation summarizes our most recent work concerning these three subjects
University of Science and Technology Kraków (Poland), Poland
Application of the new numerical method to an analysis of carbon dioxide adsorption on NaY
Dr. Miroslaw Kwiatkowski in 2004 obtained Ph.D. degree from the Faculty of Energy and Fuels at the AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków (Poland), and in 2018 D.Sc. degree from the Faculty of Chemistry at the Wroc?aw University of Technology (Poland) in the discipline: chemical technology. In addition, he obtained a certificate of completion of postgraduate studies: Professional Research and Development Project Manager at the Krakow University of Agriculture (Poland), Research and Development Project Manager at the University of Economics and Innovation in Lublin (Poland), and Electrical Energy Markets from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatics, Computer Science and Biomedical Engineering at the AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow (Poland). Currently Dr. Miros?aw Kwiatkowski is working an assistant professor at the AGH University of Science and Technology, at the Faculty of Energy and Fuels. His published work includes more than 45 papers in reputable international journals and 80 conference proceedings. He is the editor in chief of The International Journal of System Modeling and Simulation (United Arab Emirates), an associate editor of Micro & Nano Letters Journal (United Kingdom) and a member of the many editorial board of internationals journals as well as a member of the organizing and scientific committees many international conferences in Europe, Asia and United States of America. Dr. Miros?aw Kwiatkowski is also a regular reviewer in a most reputable scientific journal.
The paper presents the results of the research on the application of the LBET numerical method with the fast multivariant identification procedure as a tool for analysing the adsorption in NaY zeolites structures on the basis of the carbon dioxide isotherms. The obtained results show that the LBET method give good insight into the adsorption mechanisms as well as the LBET models may be well fitted to data in a wide pressure range, providing accurate evaluation of the monolayer adsorption capacity. The models give also information on adsorbate clusterisation mechanisms, and surface energy distribution.
José R. Ochoa-Gómez
Tecnalia R&I, Spain
Catalystscreening to produceisosorbide bis(methyl carbonate), a green monomer for non-isocyanate polyurethanes and polycarbonates manufacturing
José R. Ochoa-Gómez (PhD, MBA)is a Principal Researcher in Tecnalia R&I, the largest Private Spanish Technology Center. He has developed his career combining applied research in Chemical Technology, both in the Industry (CEPSA, ERT-Ercros) and Technology Centers (Leia, Tecnalia), with technology consulting and university teaching (Universities Carlos III and Alfonso X of Madrid). From 2005 to 2009 he was a member of the Chemical Observatory ofthe Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce. He is the author of 79 articles, 4 book chapters and 1 book, and inventor of 28 patents. He has supervised 6 Doctoral Theses.
Polycarbonates (PCs) of glucose-derived isosorbide (ISO) are currently obtained by melt polycondensation of either ISO with diphenyl carbonate1or ISO-bis(phenyl carbonate) with polyols.2Theseroutes have strong drawbacks such as the high reaction temperature (240 ºC) and the phenol formation which must be recovered for economic feasibility. We have shown that the synthesis of isosorbide PCs is also possible by melt polycondensation of isosorbide bis(methyl carbonate) (IBMC), a barely explored green chemical, and 1,4-butanediol (see Scheme).3Likewise, the IBMC double methoxycarbonyl functionality allows its use in manufacturing non-isocyanate polyurethanes by reaction with diamines (See Scheme).
We have developed a process to obtain IBMC in 99% yield by transesterification of ISO with dimethyl carbonate (DMC),4 using K2CO3 or Cs2CO3 as catalysts (see Scheme). However,most of ISO currently available contains acidic impurities which deactivatethose catalysts so that amounts much higher than the catalytic ones are needed. This presentation reports the results of a study searching for catalysts to overcome this problem. Both basic and mixed acid-base catalysts have been studied. Best results are provided by catalysts having a dual strong-basic/nucleophilic character.
Karpov Phys-Chem Inst., Moscow, Russia, Russia
Kinetic Description of Partially Reversible Catalytic Processes in the Context of the Oscillation Theory of Heterogeneous Catalysis
Victor Ostrovskii obtained university-level and doctorate education in physchemistry and engineering at Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies (1952-1957), Karpov Phys-Chem. Institute, and took several courses in Lomonosov Moscow State University; was scientific worker and senior staff scientist in Laboratory of Chemical Kinetics and, later, Chief of Sector of Thermodynamics and Calorimetry, Moscow KarpovPhys-Chem. Institute and lecturer in several Russian Universities, is author of ~200 experimental, theoretical, and technical published works in thermodynamics, kinetics, and mechanisms of solid-gas reactions and reactions at solid-gas boundaries and principal (with Dr. Elena Kadyshevich) or personal author of Oscillation theory of catalysis (OTCAT), Theory of kinetics of catalysis near the equilibrium, Life origination hydrate theory (LOH-Theory), Mitosis and replication hydrate theory (MRH-Theory), PFO-CFO Theory of Solar System formation and transformation, Theory of aging, optimal nutrition and life prolongation, and Theory of monochirality origination and racemization delay causes (all are at ResearchGate site).
It was shown by S. Weller  that the procedure of the kinetic description of partially reversible catalytic processes proposed earlier by J. Horiuty didn’t wear well. The theoretically substantiated method for description the kinetics of partially reversible catalytic processes was developed by us on the basis of the Oscillation Theory of Heterogeneous Catalysis [3, 4] and will be presented at this lecture by the examples of industrially significant catalytic processes. As was shown by Weller, the use of the procedure proposed by Horiuty leads to different kinetics depending on the set of the stoichiometric coefficients applied for the notation of the stoichiometric equations of gross reactions. Meanwhile, it is obvious that the kinetics of a reaction by no means depends on the mode of notation ofits stoichiometric equation.Our procedure is logically substantiated and hasn’t this defect. It is grounded on the introduction of the notion of the matching coefficient (MC). The MCs are of the stoichiometric nature; they mutually coordinate stoichiometric equations for chemical reactions similarly to the stoichiometric coefficients which mutually coordinate molar amounts of source substances and products participating in a chemical reaction.The procedure under consideration is proved bya number of reactions.
University of south florida, USA
Impedance Characterization of Electric Field Mediated Tissue for Cancer Therapy Applications
Richard Gilbert is currently a Professor of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering and the Director of the Center for Molecular Delivery at the University of South Florida. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering and an Emeritus Member of the American Association for Cancer Research. He is a former Chair of the Chemical Department in the College of Engineering and a former Professor of Research in the Department of Surgery in the College of Medicine at the University of South Florida. Professor Gilbert holds over 25 U.S. Patents related to electric field mediated drug and gene delivery technology and protocols. His publications include being a special issue co-guest editor on Bioelectrics, (Volume 103, Bioelectrochemistry, ISSN 1567-5394) and a co-editor of "Electrochemotherapy, Ectrogenetherapy, and Transdermal Drug Delivery" (Humana Press, ISBN 0-89603-606-5)
Clinically successful FDA approved trails in the United States of electric field mediated tissue to enhance drug and gene delivery for cancer treatment protocols have emphasized the importance of characterizing the tissue alteration for optimal mass transport of the applicable treatment drug or gene. Since these cancer treatment protocols only require a brief patient interaction and minimally invasive procedures, immediate feedback of favorable tissue conditioning because of the optimally applied electric field forcing function represents a significant improvement to the overall process. Impedance spectroscopy represents one tool to evaluate the tissue's response to the applied field.1 This presentation will review results that demonstrate the usefulness of impedance measurements to predict successful gene delivery through the target tissue and subsequent cell protein production in the targeted tumor cells. The presentation will focus on the development, at the University of South Florida's College of Engineering, of this electric field mediated drug and gene delivery technique. 2 The presentation will indicate tissue impedance alternation as it relates to the relevant chemistry, electrochemistry, electrogenetherapy, as well as chemical and medical engineering principles.
Meijo University, Japan, Japan
One-Dimensional Materials: Characterization and Use
Sumio Iijima was formerly Director, Research Center for Advanced Carbon Materials, AIST, Japan. He received his PhD degree in physics (Tohoku University, 1969) and worked in Prof. J. M. Cowley’s group at Arizona State University (1970~1982) and also at Cambridge University (1979). He developed HRTEM, and studied numerous materials including complex metal oxides of Ti, Nb and W. Iijima returned to Japan in 1982 to work in the Ultra-Fine Particles Project (JST) and in 1987 he joined the NEC Fundamental Research Laboratories. In 1991 he discovered carbon nanotubes and opened up a new era of nanoscience and nanotechnology. He was recognized with numerous awards and honors such as the Agilent Europhysics Prize (2002), Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics (2002), Order of Cultural Merits, Japanese government (2003), the Balzan Prize for Nanoscience ( 2007), the Prince of Asturias Award for Technical Scientific Research (2008), the Kavli Prize in Nanoscience (2008). He is a member of the Japan Academy, and foreign members of the NAS (2007) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2012).
The discovery of CNTs in 1991  was very much owing to high resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM) which I have been engaging in since its early development . First, I will present the latest achievements on Ti-Nb complex oxides for LIBs in HRTEM that has been realized at an atom resolution level by Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). Such a new technology should be extremely important for nanoscience and nanotechnology.
The carbon nanotubes brought us dual excitements in both academia as condensed matter physics and industrial applications. Such a broad range of the attraction is reflected in an extremely high Google citation, its number becoming over 48,000 only for the first paper reporting the CNT in 1991. The number is still increasing even after 28 years of the discovery. I would like to introduce some my own recent effort in attempt of CNT electronics device applications.
CNT, chrysotile asbestos, imogolite , and many structures in biological systems are known to have tubular structures, resulting from anisotropic growth in one particular orientation. In the case of CNT, the presence of catalytic metal particles in the tubule formation appears to control a tubular morphology. We have recently examined aluminum oxy-hydroxide gamma-AlOOH, pseudoboehmite, which has been known to form into a variety of morphologies from a fibril, low-dimensional sheet, platelets, to bulk crystal, depending on a synthesis process. One of them is a quasi-one-dimensional fibril structure, which grows in an aqueous solution as a sol form. We have studied detailed morphology of this fibril boehmite and found that the fibril grows selectively parallel to the c-axis and does not form in a tubular structure but a nanometer-sized ribbon . Electronic energy band gaps of such a ribbon have been studied and showed interesting size-dependent band gaps . Such an anisotropic growth should be originated from the boehmite structure itself and surroundings.
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Belgium
Where does Matter come from and why does it obey to Quantum Mechanics?
Mathematician from the Université Libre de Bruxelles ULB (1977). PhD at the University of Lille I (France). Researcher at IRIDIA (ULB, Brussels). Works in the interdisciplinary field, at the intersection of math, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology and (neoplatonist) theology/metaphysics (fundamental science)
We explain briefly, in the first part of the presentation, that the Digital Mechanist Hypothesis in the Cognitive Science, aka Computationalism, enforces the need to derive the conceptual origin of Matter, as stable appearances, in a so much constrained way that such an explanation becomes empirically testable. In the second part of the presentation, we sketch accordingly the mathematical derivation of the laws of physics obtained. We get some quantum logic for the logic of the observable of the universal (Church, Turing) machine, confirming that Mechanism is a plausible principle. We will illustrate also that the logic of digital machine self-reference explains in that setting why the logic of quanta is naturally extended into a logic of qualia, which appears as non sharable private information, common to all digital machine having a precise threshold of logical complexity. This means that in the fundamental domain, we might need to revisit the Aristotelian/Plato controversy on the nature of what can be the fundamental science and reality. Matter and physical laws might thus have a non material, yet mathematical (even arithmetical) explanation, in terms of statistics of internal relative appearances. The quantum appears to be the digital “seen from inside”. A quantum orbital appears to be a relative map on accessible computational continuation in arithmetic. Keyword: Universal Turing machine, Church-Turing thesis, computationalism, digital, Quantum Logic, Orbital, Matter, Observable.